Objectivism is the moral philosophy defined by Ayn Rand in numerous writings, of which her book ‘Atlas Shrugged’ is probably best known. She wrote several more books expressing the same consistent philosophy. One was ‘Fountainhead’, the basis for a later movie starring Gregory Peck which utterly failed to relay her message.
We begin by suggesting you trip to the Ayn Rand Institute and then to:
https://www.aynrand.org/ideas/overview from which we quote Ayn Rand:
My philosophy, Objectivism, holds that:
- Reality exists as an objective absolute—facts are facts, independent of man’s feelings, wishes, hopes or fears.
- Reason (the faculty which identifies and integrates the material provided by man’s senses) is man’s only means of perceiving reality, his only source of knowledge, his only guide to action, and his basic means of survival.
- Man—every man—is an end in himself, not the means to the ends of others. He must exist for his own sake, neither sacrificing himself to others nor sacrificing others to himself. The pursuit of his own rational self-interest and of his own happiness is the highest moral purpose of his life.
- The ideal political-economic system is laissez-faire capitalism. It is a system where men deal with one another, not as victims and executioners, nor as masters and slaves, but as traders, by free, voluntary exchange to mutual benefit. It is a system where no man may obtain any values from others by resorting to physical force, and no man may initiate the use of physical force against others. The government acts only as a policeman that protects man’s rights; it uses physical force only in retaliation and only against those who initiate its use, such as criminals or foreign invaders. In a system of full capitalism, there should be (but, historically, has not yet been) a complete separation of state and economics, in the same way and for the same reasons as the separation of state and church.
From the above paragraphs 1-3 Ayn Rand provided the foundation of a rational moral philosophy which precludes mysticism, socialism (in all forms, specifically communism), and altruism. Paragraph 4 brings us her logical conclusion, the effects of paragraphs 1-3. Paragraph 4 might better say “…resorting to physical force”. Rand left largely to future generations the tasks of instituting moral philosophy into the political process to restore sanity to governments which are permitted to rule by force. Until now, we have largely ignored that responsibility, thus that this time of moral and economic collapse has resulted. This is the reason for Morality101.net and other efforts being pressed at last. We need simply withdraw and refuse our support for force by irrational morality.
I first obtained and read her “Atlas Shrugged” in 1963, which immediately became my bible for this long remainder of life. Although perhaps tediously long and redundant, I could not read any part of that book without relating to the immorality of socio/political systems around the world.
The Libertarian philosophy continues and expands upon the Objectivism of Ayn Rand.